The North Caucasus - a part of Russia, located in the mountains and foothills of the Caucasus. Geographically located in Asia, south of the European part of Russia. This region is a fertile land, the major resorts and the highest peaks of the country.
This is the most populous region of the Russian Federation - the cradle of the Caucasian peoples 20 different ethnic groups.
Area of 258.3 thousand km ², 1,5% area of the whole country.
Population 14.8 million people. (01.01.2010), 10.5% of the population of Russia.
Kabardino-Balkaria Republic is situated in the North Caucasus. It is part of the North Caucasus Federal District of Russia. The Republic is not very large, squaring 12,500 square kilometres only. It borders on Alania in the East, Karachay-Cherkess Republic in the West, Stavropol land in the North and Georgia – in the South. The last mentioned is at the same time the state frontier of Russia. Kabardino-Balkaria stretches from east to west for 160 kilometres and from north to east – for 110 kilometres.
The Nature hasn’t been sparring with her gifts to Kabardino-Balkaria. The Republic’s mineral wealth, flora and fauna are very rich. All the five-thousand-meter peaks (above 5000 m) Caucasian (except Kazbek), the largest glaciers and troubled rivers are in the territory of our republic. Mountain forests and Alpine meadows are splendid. Unique Blue Lakes, the famous Bezengy Wall, representing 13 kilometres of ice, snow and rocks of over 4,000 metres height, the Chegem Waterfalls with their rolling streams, 5 most picturesque gorges in The National Park of Elbrus, the internationally-recognized centre of mountaineering, mountain-hiking, summer and winter tourism – all this strikes anyone’s eye and stamps on the memory of those, who has ever been there. Twin-headed Mountain Elbrus, the highest and most beautiful peak of Caucasus, of which songs and legends have been composed, and also glorified by Pushkin and Lermontov is situated there, too.
Routes to each of the gorges and all the beauties of the Republic start in Nalchik. Nalchik, the Capital of Kabardino-Balkaria Republic, is one of the biggest economical, administrative and cultural centres of the North Caucasus, the famous health resort, is situated in the picturesque surroundings at the foothills of the Main Caucasian Ridge at the altitude of 512 meters above sea level.